The maths learning materials on this page help your students to understand the relationship between multiplication and addition.

For example, what does 2 x 3 really mean? It means 2 lots of 3 added together, that is, 3 + 3 = 6. The following image illustrates the example:

3 x 3 represents 3 lots of 3 all added together: 3 + 3 + 3 = 9.

We’ll only do one more because you’re probably getting the idea. 6 x 7 (6 lots of 7) = 7 + 7 + 7 + 7 + 7 + 7 = 42.

- multiplication is just addition 1 – this worksheet lists a set of additions for which each student has to find the equivalent multiplication. For example, what does 2 + 2 + 2 + 2 represent? Answer: 4 x 2.
- multiplication is just addition 2 – this worksheet displays multiplications for which the student has to find the equivalent addition. For example, how can 3 x 4 be expressed as a sum? Answer: 4 + 4 + 4.